Thursday, May 19, 2011

Story Related to Hanuman

Hanuman“He [Hanuman] saw in that great city seven and eight story buildings inlaid with crystal and decorated with gold. Those houses of the Rakshasas shone brightly with their surfaces studded with vaidurya gems and decorated with strings of pearls.” (Valmiki Ramayana, Sundara Kand, 2.52-53)

saptabhaumāṣṭabhaumaiśca sa dadarśa mahāpurīm |

talaiḥ sphatikasaṃkīrṇaiḥ kārtasvaravibhūṣitaiḥ

vaiḍūryamaṇicitraiśca muktājālavibhūṣitaiḥ |

talaiḥ śuśubhire tāni bhavanānyatra rakśasām

You work hard all your life, play by the rules, don’t bother anyone, and somehow manage to secure a high net worth full of valuable assets. When it comes time to protecting your wealth, you will go out of your way to ensure that the best possible care is taken and that all the potential pitfalls and areas prone to mistake are avoided. After all, it takes just one simple slip up, one move that is beyond the acceptable level of risk, to lose your entire fortune. One demoniac king in particular witnessed the devastating effects of improper wealth management, as one egregious transgression cost him everything, including the opulence of his kingdom. With all the wonderful palaces and their beautiful interior decorations adorning his city of Lanka, the king Ravana thought he was immune to loss. Yet due to his maltreatment of one particular individual, who also happened to be the source of all good fortune to not only him but to every single living entity in this world, everything would be lost.

!BkyHRS!Bmk~$(KGrHqYOKkIEsn!E07-YBLZBBurGl!~~_3Where does good fortune come from? Is not wealth rooted in our efforts of perseverance and unflinching dedication through adversity? If we take the risk of starting a new business, somehow manage to avoid having it be part of the ash heap of forgotten and failed ventures, and elevate it to a position of prominence in the world, should we not take some credit for the bountiful fruits that result? Surely there is reason to celebrate the rewards of material opulence that emerge from stiff competition in the business world, but taking ourselves to be the sole doers is a very short-sighted view. It is akin to the running back in football celebrating in the end zone after scoring a touchdown without acknowledging the hard work of the other ten members on the team. After all, if a running back had to face the defense, which consists of eleven players, all by himself, one against eleven, there would be no question of advancing to the goal line.

In a similar manner, success in any material venture requires the mutual cooperation of so many other entities, both large and small. A business that is successful at selling a product must have an appeal that makes the consuming public willing enough to peaceably and voluntarily part with their hard earned cash. Moreover, we know that many businessmen put in long hours at the office, play by the rules, and still don’t end up succeeding. Therefore there must be more to success and good fortune than just the actions of the doer. The actor in these cases is the individual, who gains his identity from the spiritual spark residing within the heart. The individual is the ishvara, or controller, of his body. He is the king of the castle. He decides what to do, where to go, and how to behave. But the other workings of the dwelling capable of action are out of the jurisdiction of the seemingly powerful and autonomous resident, the living entity. For instance, the spiritual spark has absolutely no control over the workings of the heart and the growth and appearance of the outer features. The heart, brain and vital organs operate involuntarily, as there is no conscious effort to keep them going.

“The bewildered spirit soul, under the influence of the three modes of material nature, thinks himself to be the doer of activities, which are in actuality carried out by nature.” (Lord Krishna, Bhagavad-gita, 3.27)

Bhagavad-gitaThe Vedas, the sacred texts coming down from time immemorial in India, accurately note that there are two spiritual entities residing within every life form. One spirit represents the individual entity, who is localized and very limited in his potencies. The other entity is all-pervading, for He actually resides within every heart, remaining connected through a giant network of consciousness. The individual spiritual spark is incapable of being privy to the consciousness of any other form of life unless and until other entities reveal information of their thought processes. Still, this sort of secondhand information isn’t the same as if one actually got to experience the events described. Even with the individual’s own experiences, consciousness is not perfect, as memories quickly fade. We know that we survived within the womb of our mother for nine months, but we have no memory of this time in our life.

“The Blessed Lord said: Many, many births both you and I have passed. I can remember all of them, but you cannot, O subduer of the enemy!” (Lord Krishna, Bg. 4.5)

The all-pervading soul, the one that has a unique, non-different instance in each life form, is conscious of not only every individual’s current life’s activities, but of every act that has ever been performed by any form of life existing past, present and future. In addition, this spiritual entity, which is known as the Paramatma, or Supersoul, is wholly responsible for distributing the results of action. Hence when we see two people train equally as hard for a specific race, with one person finishing the race more quickly than the other, we can understand that the worldly results and effects are due solely to the influence of the Supersoul and not the individual. As such, a wise man, one whose angle of vision has been purified through the acquisition of knowledge and dedication to the lotus feet of the original master of the universe, understands that all the assets he acquires are due simply to the grace of the most powerful spiritual entity, the owner of the divine consciousness.

Lakshmi-NarayanaThe Supersoul, though a direct but subtle manifestation of the original Personality of Godhead, doesn’t personally take part in any of the activities of the individual or in the distribution of outcomes. Rather, the Supersoul directs other entities, empowered living beings, to take charge of controlling various elements like rain, water, fire, wealth, punishment, etc. As far as fortune goes, no one is more wealthy than the Supreme Lord. Since He is married to the goddess of fortune, He is addressed by names such as Madhava and Shripati. Though His wife, who is known as Lakshmi Devi in the spiritual sky, controls all good fortune, her benedictions are not intended to be used unwisely. One who takes himself to be the doer and his worldly objects as his own is certainly not acting under intelligence. If he follows such a mindset and continues to ignore the source of all his wealth, he will gradually slip into a hellish condition. Such was the case with the demoniac king of Lanka many thousands of years ago.

Ravana, as a powerful Rakshasa leader, had tremendous opulence in his kingdom. We know many of the details of his extravagant position from the Ramayana, the beautiful, transcendental poem compiled by Maharishi Valmiki. The descriptions of Ravana’s kingdom and his palaces are found in the Sundara-kanda, or the book of beauty, of the Ramayana. Upon first glance, it may appear that this section is titled as such because of its inclusion of the descriptions of the interior of Ravana’s kingdom. But the beauty in this particular book lies solely in the feats of strength and exhibitions of undying love shown by Shri Hanuman, the servant of Lord Rama. As many waves as there are in the ocean are how many non-different incarnations of the person most of us refer to as God exist. His original form is described as exquisitely attractive and providing of unmatched transcendental bliss. Hence in the Vedic tradition He is known as Krishna. As Lord Rama, the Supreme Absolute Truth, the original Personality of Godhead, took on His warrior prince form, which was not devoid of any of the opulences belonging to the Supreme Person, including the ability to enchant others. Hanuman was one of the enchanted, as he dedicated his life to Rama as soon as he met the Lord. Rama needed some help from Hanuman, as His wife Sita Devi had gone missing. Just as Krishna, who is also known as Narayana in the spiritual world, had descended to the phenomenal world as Rama, Lakshmi had come as Sita Devi, the beautiful princess of Videha. As the most fortunate individual in any situation He finds himself in, Rama could not be married to any woman except Sita.

Sita and RamaThe miscreants are always jealous of God’s power and supreme position. In fact, this envy is the root cause of the existence of the material world. Ravana was unique in that his envy was at the highest level, for he was tasked with playing the role of God’s greatest enemy prior to his descent from the spiritual sky. Every individual is a spirit soul at the core, so by constitution everyone is a lover of God. When the loving propensity remains dormant or forgotten, attachment to worldly objects and opulence ensues. For as long as the delusion remains, the individual soul stays separated in terms of consciousness from the supreme loveable object. In reality, there is never any separation even after the descent of the purified soul from the spiritual sky. The Supersoul always accompanies the individual soul, but in the conditioned state, one takes their wealth as the object needing the most management and protection, while neglecting their actual valuable relationship with the divine entity residing within the heart.

Envious of Rama’s position, Ravana hatched a scheme to kidnap His wife. Rama is antaryami, or the supreme witness, so He knows all that goes on. As such, no one can cause Him any harm without His sanction. He is the Supersoul after all, so the ability that man is so proud of is actually sourced to the Supreme Spirit. Ravana’s taking of Sita set the wheels in motion for his demise. What’s ironic is that he already had tremendous opulence in his kingdom. He even had hundreds of beautiful wives he could cavort with regularly. Yet the benedictions provided by Lakshmi weren’t enough; he had to have her for himself. He had all the wealth in the world, and he protected it very well, but due to his maltreatment of Sita Devi, his fortune would be lost.

Hanuman bravely made his way to Lanka as part of a reconnaissance mission performed for Rama’s benefit. Hanuman’s task was to find Sita, and in order to succeed, he had to infiltrate Lanka. Deciding to assume a stature the size of a cat, Hanuman prepared to enter the majestic city. From the above referenced passage, we see that Hanuman saw seven and eight story mansions whose floors were bedecked with jewels and gold. It is one thing to have a high rise apartment or office building, but it is another to have the floors and surfaces fully inlaid with the most valuable jewels and crystals. This shows that Ravana indeed had tremendous wealth in his kingdom, opulence that he was very keen on protecting. His island was far away from any mainland, so its strategic location provided protection against enemy attack.

HanumanBut Hanuman was no ordinary enemy to Ravana. The demon had managed his wealth very well, but he neglected to take care of the source of all good fortune, that princess staying as a prisoner in the ashoka garden. Sita Devi was not treated very well in Ravana’s kingdom, as she was given an ultimatum that if she didn’t agree to become Ravana’s wife after a certain period of time, she would be killed. In addition, Ravana’s female Rakshasa associates were instructed to instill fear into her and harass her throughout the many days and nights she spent in separation from Rama. Because of his offenses, no amount of wealth management could protect Ravana from losing his assets which he originally had no claim to.

The tremendous opulence of the city was also meant to serve as a deterrent for anyone who thought of attacking. The spiritually disinterested and ignorant always take their mundane wealth and education to be indications of a highlife, one that is superior to the religious systems adopted by those considered destitute and poverty stricken. What the materially intoxicated don’t realize is that the highest class transcendentalist, one who understands the workings of the soul and the temporary nature of matter, sees excessive opulence not used for a tangible purpose as the greatest punishment. Ravana’s palaces were part of an illusion; they masked his high level of ignorance in regards to the supremacy of God and the temporary nature of life. By showing off their opulence, the demoniac hope to instill fear and awe in the saintly class.

Hanuman in LankaHanuman was impressed by the decoration of the city, but this didn’t stop him from proceeding forward. No amount of illusion can derail the train of spiritual freedom that is bhakti-yoga. Hanuman would eventually make his way to Sita, give her Rama’s ring, and then return back to Rama and inform Him of Sita’s location. But just before leaving Lanka, Hanuman gave Ravana a parting shot, a hint of what was to come. After Ravana set Hanuman’s tail on fire, the monkey-warrior decided to make the best use of the situation by expanding to a massive size and using his tail to burn the city. When Hanuman entered Lanka, there was a facade of opulence masking the demoniac nature of the king and his citizens. Upon leaving, Hanuman shore the city of its brilliance, exposing the Rakshasas for who they were, spiritually poverty-stricken individuals wholly deluded by illusion. Ravana’s high-story palaces fell like houses of cards. Rama would march to Lanka with millions of Hanuman’s closest friends and defeat Ravana and the Rakshasas. Sita would be rescued, and all would end well. Wherever Sita is well-protected and kindly served, there is never any chance of losing the most valuable asset one can attain in this life, love for God.

Sunday, May 15, 2011



Characteristics :

Destroyer, Kind Hearted

Other Names :

Shambhu Nath, Bhole Shankar, Shiv Shankar

Principal Scriptures:

Shiva Mahapurana

Consort :


Sons :

Ganesha, Kartikay

Abode :

Mount Kailash

Vahana (Vehicle) :

Nandi (The Bull Representing Strength and Happiness)

Mula Mantra :

Om Namah Shivaye

Shiva Gayatri Mantra:

Aum Panchvakraye Vidmahe
Mahadevaye Dheemahi
Tanno Rudra Prachodayat

Lord Shiva or Siva is considered as the destroyer of the world. Shiva is one of the most popular gods of the Hindu religion. Lord Siva forms the part of the Trimurti (Trinity), the other being Brahma, the creator and Vishnu, the preserver. Shiva is known for the complexity of his nature, representing contradictory qualities. He is the destroyer and the restorer, the great ascetic and the symbol of sensuality, the kind herdsman of souls and a wrathful avenger.

Lord Shiva- The Role
Lord Shiva represents the vital goodness in the form of Satyam, Shivam, Sundaram i.e.; Truth, Goodness and Beauty .Lord Shiva performs a celestial role of dissolution and recreation of the universe, that's why; he is mostly associated with the words, like destroyer and destruction. The role of Shiva is often confused with these terms and the difficulty arises, when the significance of his celestial role is not understood.

Lord ShivaThe conception is clear itself by a slight balance between the opposing forces of good and evil. When this balance gets disturbed and continuation of life becomes unfeasible, Lord Shiva dissolves the universe. This is known as '' pralay '' and it is done in order to create another cycle .So that the unliberated souls will get another opportunity to liberate themselves from the bondage of the material world. To put succinctly, Siva protects the souls from pain and suffering that is generated by the unhealthy universe.

Shiva - The Giver
Lord Shiva is known as the ''giver god'', lord of mercy and kindness. He always protects his devotees from evil forces like lust, greed and anger. He is the most kind -hearted God who grants boons and bestows grace to his devotees.

Shiva - The Image
Lord Shiva has the unclad body covered with ashes symbolizing the transcendental aspect of the universe. Siva's three matted locks represent the integration of the mental, physical and spiritual energies. The crescent moon becomes the part of lord's ornament symbolizing the time cycle through which creation evolves from the beginning to the end. The three eyes of Lord Shiva suggest: the Sun is his right eye, the Moon is the left eye and fire, the third eye.

The Snake around his neck symbolizes the yogic power, which he uses to dissolve and recreate the universe. The Rudraksha necklace worn by the lord shows that he uses his celestial powers without compromise,to maintain law and order. The trishula (trident), symbolizes the Lord's three fundamental powers of will (iccha), action (kriya) and knowledge (gyana).The damaru (drum) and its two sides separated from each other symbolizes the two entirely dissimilar states of existence, invisible and evident.

The bull, Nandi is linked with Shiva and it is considered as his vehicle. The bull symbolizes both power and ignorance. Tiger's skin makes Lord Shiva's clothing and his seat, which illustrates the idea that he is the source of potential energy during the dissolution of the universe. Thus, Lord Shiva is well-regarded as the ultimate organizer of the birth and death in the corporeal world.

Shiva - The Lingam
Shiva is worshipped in his invisible and an unborn form, known as the lingam. Lingam is always accompanied by the Yoni, which is the female part, adjoining the base of the lingam. The lingam symbolizes the male creative power of Shiva.

Shiva Chalisa

Shiva Chalisa is a "forty verse" prayer. Verses are recited or chanted by groups. The acts and deeds of Shiva are recalled in these verses to aid the devotee to meditate on virtuous and noble qualities.

Lord Shiva

ll Doha ll
Jai Ganesh Girija Suvan, Mangal Mool Sujaan l l
Kahat Ayodhyadas Tum, Dehu Abhaya Vardan l

ll Chaupai ll
Jai Girijapati Deen Dayala, Sada Karat Santan Pratipala
Bhal Chandrama Sohati Neeke, Kanan Kundal Nag Phani Ke

Ang Gaur Shiv Ganga Bahaye, Mundamal Tan Kshar Lagaye
Vastra Khaal Baghambar Sohe, Chhavi Ko Dekh Nag Muni Mohe

Maina Matu Ki Priya Dulari, Bam Ang Sohat Chhavi Pyari
Kar Trishul Sohat Chhavi Bhari, Karat Sada Shatrun Shaykari

Nandi Ganesh Sohe Tanha Kaise, Sagar Madhya Kamal Hain Jaise
Kartik Shyam Aur Gana Raau, Ya Chhavi Ko Kahi Jaat Na Kaau

Devan Jabhee Jaaye Pukara,Tabahin Dukh Prabhu Ap Nivaara
Keen Upadrava Taarak Bhari, Devan Sab Mili Tumhee Pukari

Turat Shadanan Ap Pathayo, Luv Nimesh Mahi Mar Girayo
Ap Jallandhar Asur Sanhara, Suyash Tumhar Vidit Sansara

Tripurasur Sang Yuddha Machayi, Sabahin Kripa Kari Leen Bachayi
Keeya Taphin Bhagirath Bhari, Purahi Pratigya Tasu Purari

Darpa Chhod Ganga Tab Ayee, Sewak Astuti Karat Sadahee
Ved Naam Mahima Tav Gayaee, Akath Anadi Bhed Nahin Payee

Pragati Udadhi Manthan Mein Jwala, Jare Surasur Bhaye Vihaala
Mahadeva Tab Kari Sahayee, Neelkantha Tav Nam Dharayee

Poojan Ramchandra Jab Keenha, Lanka Jeet Vibhishan Deenha
Sahas Kamal me ho rahe dhaari, Keenha Pareeksha Tabahi Purari

Ek Kamal Prabhu Rakheu johee, Kamal Nayan Poojan Chahin Soyee
Kathin Bhakti Dekhi Prabhu Shankar, Bhaye Prasanna Deya Icchhit Var

Jai Jai Jai Ananta Avinasi, Karat Kripa Sab Ke Ghatvasi
Dushta Sakal Mohi Nitya Sataven, Bhramita Rahe Mohe Chain Na Aave

Trahi Trahi Main Nath Pukaro, Yeh Avasar Mohi Ani Ubaro
Lai Trishool Shatrun Ko Maro, Sankat Se Mohi Ani Ubaro

Mata Pita Bhrata Sab Hoi, Sankat Mein Poochat Nahi Koi
Swami Ek Hai Aas Tumhari, Aaye Harahu Mam Sankat Bhaari

Dhan Nirdhan Kon Det Sadaee, Arat Jan Ki Peer Mitaee
Astuti Kehi Vidhi Karahu Tumhari, Shamhu Naath Ab Chook Hamari

Shanker Ho Sankat Ke Nashan, Vighna Vinashan Mangal Kaaran
Yogi Yati Muni Dhyan Lagave, Sharad Narad Sheesh Navave

Namo Namo Jai Namah Shivaye, Sur Brahmadik Par Na Paaye
Jo Yeh Path Kare Man Layee, Tapar Hot Hain Shambu Sahayee

Riniya Jo Koi Ho Adhikaari, Paath Kare So Paavanhaari
Putra Heen Ichha Kar Koi, Nishchaya Shiv Prasad Tehi Hoi

Pandit Triyodashi Ko Lave, Dhyan Poorvak Hom Karave
Triyodashi Vrata Kare Hamesha, Tan Nahi Take Rahe Kalesha

Dhoop Deep Naivedya Chadhavai, Shanker Sanmukha Path Karavahi
Janam Janam Ki Pap Nasave, Anta Vaas Shivpur Men Paave

Hey Shankar Hai Aas Tumhari, Dukh Peera Ab Harahu Hamari

ll Doha ll
Nit Nem Kar Praatha Hee ,Paath Karo Chaalis l
Tum Meri Manokaamna, Puran Karo Jagdeesh ll
Magsar Chhati Hemant Ritu, Sanvat Chausadh Jaan l
Astuti Chaalisa Shivhi, Puran Keen Kalyaan ll

Shiva Legends

Shiva is considered as the destroyer of the universe, in Hinduism. Shiva is a complex god, in terms of nature and represents contradictory qualities, being the destroyer and the restorer simultaneously. There are numerous legends surrounding Lord Shiva and his powers. Here're a few popular stories of Lord Shiva.

Story of Shiva Lingam - Why Shiva is worshipped in the Phallic Form
This is an interesting story regarding the worship of Lord Shiva in the phallic form. It is believed that once Brahma and Vishnu, the two deities of the Trinity, got into an argument regarding their supremacy. Lord Brahma declared himself to be more admired, being the creator. While the preserver, Vishnu, pronounced that he commanded more admiration. Just then a huge pillar of fire (lingam), called as Jyotirlinga, appeared in flames, before them. This Lingam enthralled both Brahma and Vishnu, with its hastily increasing size.

Legends of Lord Shiva With this incident, they forgot their quarrel and decided to find its size. Vishnu took the form of boar and went to the netherworld. Brahma assumed the form of a Swan and flew to the skies. However both of them were unsuccessful in completing the self-assumed tasks. At that time, Shiva appeared out of the lingam and acknowledged that he was the progenitor of both, Brahma and Vishnu. So, he should be worshipped in his phallic (lingam) form, and not in the anthropomorphic form.

Story of Shiva and the Hunter
Here is one more interesting story of Lord Shiva, showing his merciful nature. Once a hunter was wandering in a dense forest, to chase a deer and suddenly he found himself on the banks of river Kolidum, where he heard the roar of a tiger. In order to defend himself from the tiger, he climbed up a tree close by. The Tiger sat on the ground below the tree without the purpose to leave.

The huntsman stayed at the tree whole night and to keep himself awake, he plucked one leaf after another from the tree and threw it down. There was a Shiva Lingam under the tree and gracefully the tree turned out to be a ''bilva'' tree (leaves of this tree are adored by Shiva). Without any knowledge, the huntsman had delighted the deity by pouring Bilva leaves all night. With the arrival of the sun, the hunter looked down and found the tiger gone. In its place, Lord Shiva was standing and he prostate before the lord. With Shiva's blessings, he attained salvation from the bondage of the material world.

Different Names of Shiva

Lord Shiva is considered as the destroyer of the Universe as per the Hindu Mythology. Shiva is one of the most popular gods of the Hindus. Lord Shiva is a complex god like goddess Kali, being destroyer and restorer at the same time. Shiva is also known as Bhole Shankar, the innocent god, who gets appeased easily. Shiv Shambhu is also recognized as an ascetic, as he resides on Mount Kailash in meditation. God Shiv is worshipped usually in his phallic (Lingam) form. Special Worship of Shiva can be seen during the month of Saawan (July-August) of Hinduism. Lord Shiva is known by many different names. This list contains 108 names of Lord Shiva with their meanings:




One Who Fulfills Wishes at once




God with Numberless Attributes


Without Any error


of Infinite Vision


One Who Revels All the Time


Everlasting Lord


Lord of Terror


One Who Has an Eye in the Forehead


Kind Hearted Lord


Lord of Ghosts and Evil Beings


Lord of the Earth


Protector of the Ghosts


Master Of The Moon


One Who Has Moon As A Crest




Lord Of The Lords


Lord Of Affluence


Icon Of Meditation And Concentration


Lord Of Radiance


Ascetic Without Any Clothes


Difficult To Be Known




God Of River Ganga


Husband Of Girija (Parvati)


Acceptor Of Gunas


Master Of All


Remover Of Sins


Master Of The Universe


Redeemer From Afflictions


One Who Has Knotted Hair


One Who Bestows Peace


Lord Of Mount Kailash


Master Of Mount Kailash


Lotus-Eyed Lord




One WhoWears A Necklace Of Skulls


One Who Has The Missile (Khatvangin) In His Hand


One Who Wears Earrings


One Who Has An Eye In The Forehead


Lord Of The Lingas


Lord Of The Lingas


Maker Of The Three Worlds


One Who Takes Care Of The World


Exceptionally Intelligent


Greatest God


Lord Of All Times


Of Great Illusions


Great Victor Of Death


Great Storehouse


One Who Has Infinite Powers


Supreme of All Gods


The Almighty


Lord of the Lords


One Who Has Snakes as Ornaments


King of the Art of Dancing


Blue Necked Lord


Ever Beautiful


Lover of Dance


Originator of OM


One Who Protects Everyone


First among All Gods


Greatest Splendor


Lord of All Living Beings


One Who Has a Bow In His Hand


Originator of the Syllable of OM


Favorite of the Devotees


of Loving Vision


One Who Gives Nourishment


One Who Has Eyes like Flowers


Having Sun as the Eye


the Dreadful


One Who Has Eyes like Rudra


Eternal God


Eternal Lord


Preceptor of All


Always Chaste


Scorcher of All


Source of Everything


Lord of All Gods


One Who Bestows Prosperity


One Who Gives Happiness


Always Pure


One Who Has a Trident (Trishool)


of Magnificent Neck


Illuminator of the Vedas


One Who Has a Pure Body


Preceptor of Skanda


Lord of All Gods


Bestower of Happiness


Well Pleased


Having Gods As Attendants


Lord Of All Gods




One Who Spreads Illumination


Three-Eyed Lord


Master of All the Three Worlds


Enemy of Tripura


One Who Has a Trident in His Hands


Husband of Uma (Parvati)


Lord of Speech


One Who Has a Thunderbolt in His Hands


Granter of Boons


Creator of the Vedas


Supreme Lord of the Nether World


Wide-Eyed Lord s


Lord of the Universe


One Who Has Bull as His Mount

Shree Shiva-Ashtakam

Shree Shiva-Ashtakam

(The glorification of 8 verses to Lord Shiva)


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Karpoor gowram karoona-avtaaram, samsaar saaram bhujagendr haaram

Sadaa vasantam hridayaar vinde, bhavam bhavaanee sahitam namami

Our humble salutations to Lord Shiva, whose complexion is like that of camphor, who is the incarnate of compassion and who is the essence of the world. He wears the king of serpents as His mala and forever dwells in the lotus-like heart. We bow to Shiva and Parvati.

Composed by Shree Krsna Caitanya Mahaprabhu from the Shree Caitanya Carita by Shree Murari Gupta.

Please note after these verses I have attached some information called “How Vaishnavas (Devotees of Lord Krishna) worship Lord Shiva”.

A very quick note on who Caitanya Mahaprabhu really is: - Shree Krishna Caitanya Mahaprabhu, the great teacher of love of God and the founder of the congregational chanting of the holy name of the Lord, advented Himself at Shree Dham Mayapur (this sacred place is about 130 km north of Kolkata) on Full Moon evening in the year 1407. Mahaprabhu is the expansion of Shree Shree Radha-Krsna… This time however He appeared as a great devotee of the Lord in order to preach to the people in general, as well as to religionists and philosophers, about the transcendental position of Shree Krishna, the primeval Lord and the cause of all causes. The essence of Mahaprabhu teachings is simply that Lord Krsna who appeared in Vrndavana as the son of Nanda Maharaja is the Supreme Personality of Godhead and is therefore worshippable by all. During His brief stay on this planet of 48 years He preached widely and His preaching was most effective.

A very quick note on who Murari Gupta really was: - The word gupta means “hidden”, so the name Murari Gupta indicates that Murari (Shree Chaitanya Deva) had secretly taken up permanent residence in his heart. Shree Murari Gupta, possessed extraordinary humility. He had a personal lifelong relationship with Lord Caitanya. Shree Murari Gupta was actually Shree Hanumanji himself…

Namo namas te tri-dasheshvaraaya

Bhootaadi naathaaya mrdaaya nityam

Gangaa- tarangotthita-baala-candra

Coodaaya gauree-nayanotsavaaya// 13 //

I perpetually offer obeisances unto you, the Lord of the thirty primal devas, who are the original father of created beings, whose character is gracious upon whose head which is created by the sickle moon, the Ganga springs, and who are a festival for the eyes of Gauri, the fair goddess.

Su tapta caameekara candra neela

Padma pravaalaambuda kaanti vastraih

Sunrtya rangeshta vara pradaaya

Kaivalya naathaaya vrsha dhvajaaya//14//

I offer my obeisances to you who resemble a molten gold, who are dressed in garments coloured like a group of budding blue lotuses or lustrous rainclouds, who bestow the most desirable boon to your devotees by your delightful, who offer shelter to those who seek to become one with the transcendental effulgence of Godhead, and whose flag bears the image of the bull.

Sudhaamshu soorya agni vilocanena

Tamo bhide te jagatah shivaaya

Sahasra shubhraamshu sahasra rashmi

Sahasra sanjittvara tejase ‘stu// 15//

I offer my obeisances to you who dispel darkness with your three eyes – the moon, the sun and fire – and thus cause auspiciousness for all the living entities of the universe, and whose potency easily defeats thousands of moons and suns.

Naagesha ratnojjvala vigrahaaya

Shaarddoola carmaamshuka divya tejase

Sahasra patropari samsthitaaya

Varaangadaa mukta bhuja dvayaaya// 16

I offer my obeisance to you, whose form is brilliantly illuminated by the jewels of Ananta-deva, the king of snakes, you who possess divine potencies and are clothes in a tiger-skin, who stands in the midst of a thousand-petalled lotus and whose two arms are adorned by lustrous bangles.

Su noopuraaranjita paada padma

Ksharat sudhaa bhrtya sukha pradaaya

Vicitra-ratnaugha vibhooshitaaya

Premaanam evaadya harau vidhedi // 17//

I offer my obeisances to you who bestow happiness to you servitors as you pour upon them the liquid nectar flowing from your reddish lotus feet, upon which charming ankle bells ring. Obeisances unto you who are adorned by an abundance of gem. Please endow Me today with pure love for Shree Hari (Krishna).

shree raama govinda mukunda shaure

shree krishna naaraayana vaasudeva

Ity aadi naamaamrita paana matta

Bhrn gaadhi paayaakhila duhka hantre// 18//

“O Shree Raam! O Govinda! O Mukunda! O Shauri! O Krsna! O Narayana! O Vaasudeva!” I offer my obeisances unto you, Shree Shiva, who are the monarch ruling over all the bee-like devotees who are mad to drink the nectar of these and other innumerable names of Shree Hari, and who thus destroys all grief.

Shree naaradaadyaih satatam sugopya

Jijnaasitaayaashu vara pradaaya

Tebhyo harer bhakti sukha pradaaya

Shivaaya sarvva gurave namo namah//19//

I offer my repeated obeisances to you Shree Shiva, who is forever inquired of confidentially by Shree Narada and other great sages, who very easily bestow boons on them, who bestows the happiness of Hari Bhakti to those who seek boons of you, who thereby create auspiciousness and are thus the guru of everyone.

Shree gauree netrotsava mangalaaya

Tat praana naathaaya rasa pradaaya

Sadaa samutkantha Govinda leela

Gaana praveenaaya namo ‘stu tubhyam//20//

I offer my obeisances to you who are a festival of auspiciousness of the eyes of Gauri, you who are the lord of her life-energy, who bestows rasa and are expert in forever singing songs with eagerness of the pastimes of Lord Govinda (Krishna)

Etat shivasyaashtakam adbhutam mahat

Shrnvan hari prema labheta sheeghram

Jnaanam ca vijnaanam apoorvva vaibhavam

Yo bhaava poornah paramam samaadaram//21//

A person who lovingly hears with rapt attention this wonderful eightfold prayer to Shree Shiva can quickly gain Shree Hari-Prema as well as transcendental knowledge, the realization of that knowledge and unprecedented devotional potency.

Iti stuvantam utsukaah

Shivasya bhrtyaa vara maalya gandhaih

Vibhooshayaam aasur anuttamaangam

Tato bahirveshmasu sannivishthah//22//

After Lord Gaura thus praised Maheshvara (Lord Shiva), the servants of Shree Shiva very enthusiastically ornamented Gauranga’s unparalled from with sublimely fragrant flower-garlands, and the Lord then became settled nearby.

Bhakta arpitaannam bubhuje tato ‘sau

Suptvaa mudaa tatra nishaam ninaaya

Praatah samutthaaya sa krsna leelaam

Gaayan sukhenaapi babhoova poornah//23//

There Mahaprabhu ate some food offered by the Bhaktas and passed the night in that place resting happily. Rising early in the morning, his heart again began overflowing with delight as He sang songs describing the Lilas of Shree Krsna.

Pathed ya ittham stavam ambhujaaksha

Krtam puraareh purushottamasya

Premaanam evaatra labheta nityam

Sudurlabham yan muni deva vrndaih//24//

If one recites with devotion this glorification of the transcendental personality, Lord Puraari, as composed by the lotus-eyes Shree Caitanya Mahaprabhu, one can obtain here and now the eternally relishable pure love for Lord Krsna, which is very rarely achieved by the hosts of the sages and devas…

Thus ends the Eighth Sarga entitled “Darshana of Mahadeva,” in the Prakrama of the great poem Shree Caitanya-Carita.

How Vaishnavas (Devotees of Lord Krishna) worship Lord Shiva

Vaishnavas (Devotees of Lord Krishna) and Vrajavasis (the people born in Vrindavan, India) celebrate by seeking Lord Shiva's blessings and worship him in his form as a Gopi (Female cowherd girl) at the ancient temple of Gopishwara in Vrindavan.

"It is said, vaishnavanam yatha sambhu: Lord Shiva is the best of devotees of Lord Krishna. In Vrindavan there is Lord Shiva's temple called Gopishwara. The gopis used to worship not only Lord Shiva but Katyayani (Durga) as well, but their aim was to attain the favour of Lord Krishna. A devotee of Lord Krishna does not disrespect Lord Shiva, but worships Lord Shiva as the most exalted devotee of Lord Krishna. Consequently, whenever a devotee worships Lord Shiva he prays to Lord Shiva to achieve the favour of Krishna and he does not request material profit." (Purport to Srimad Bhagavatam 4. 24.30.)

Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Saraswati Thakur offered these prayers wriiten for Gopishwara Mahadev when he visited the Lingaraj temple in Bhubaneshwar on June 22nd, 1922:

Vrindavanvani-pate jaya soma soma

maule sanandana-sanatana-naradeya

gopishvara vraja-vilasi-yuganghri-padme

prema prayaccha nirupadhi namo namas te

"O Lord Shiva, O gatekeeper of Vrindavan! O you who are accompanied by Uma (Parvati)! O you who carry the moon in your hair! O lord worshiped by Sananda-kumar, Sanat-Kumar and Narada Muni! O Gopishwar, the worshipable deity of the gopis! Desiring that you bestow upon me love for the divine couple, Shree Shree Radha Madhava, who perform joyous pastimes in Vraja, I offer my obeisances unto you again and again." (Srila Vishwanatha Chakravarti's Shree Sankalpa-kalpadrum, cited in vol. 7 of Shree Krishna Kathamritam)

It is related that Lord Shiva desiring to witness the Rasa Lila is stopped from crossing the Yamuna River in Vrindavan by Vrinda-devi. Lord Shiva protests this refusal of entry, saying he is a great devotee of Lord Krishna and should be allowed to participate in His most wonderful pastime with the Gopis. Vrinda Devi’s response is firm: "Krishna is the only male in the rasa-lila."

Lord Shiva, not to be outdone, submerges himself in Yamuna-devi, non-different from love of Lord Krishna, and emerges as a Gopi. Now qualified as feminine, he gains an exclusive inside view into the Rasa play of Lord Krishna and the gopis. The other Devas, including Lord Brahma, may only witness and shower flowers from outside the realm of Vamsivata on Yamuna shore.

The Deity of Gopishwar Mahadev (below), worshipped in a small temple near Vamsivata, is a lingam -- one of four important Shiva-linga shrines in Vraja. Each night the lingam is transformed as he assumes the semblance of a gopi's face, replete with nose ring and other feminine ornaments in a most colourful attire. The ensemble is different every day of the year. Lord Shiva resides forever in Vrindavan as Gopishwara Mahadeva, the dearest devotee of Krishna, and thus participates in all the Lord's unending Lila.


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